Created by the North Dakota Legislature in 1949, the North Dakota Indian Affairs Commission (NDIAC) is one of the first such commissions established in the United States. The NDIAC exists as an executive branch agency with the governor as chair of the commission.

In its 59 years of existence, the function of the NDIAC has changed to reflect major changes in federal and state policy. However, the goal of the NDIAC has always been to create a better North Dakota through the improvement of tribal/state relations and better understanding between American Indian and non-Indian people.